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Info package for COP28

Updated: Dec 1, 2023

Einnig aðgengilegt á íslensku hér.

Get up to date on everything there is to know about COP28 and keep up with what is happening at the conference using this information package from the Icelandic Young Environmentalist Association!

This year’s UN Climate Conference (COP28) is right around the corner. Last year COP27 took place in Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt.

These conferences are very important as they provide a platform for countries from all over the world to agree on climate action on a global scale and work together towards common goals. It is clear that the progress made until now is far from sufficient and it is vital that the ambitions be raised at COP28 to keep the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees alive.

Climate change can be a complex topic and it can be difficult to understand what exactly these climate conferences are really about, how they work and what is being decided there. Therefore, we have created this information package in the lead-up to COP28 to make it easier for you to look into what COP28 is really about, what to expect from it and enable you to keep up to date with what is happening during the conference.

This information package contains the newest reports on climate change, Iceland’s international climate pledges, news articles on what to expect from COP28, podcasts, videos, and more. The list we have compiled is by no means exhaustive but it should give a good insight into the main information relevant to COP28. If there is something we have not put on the list and you think should be on it, please let us know by sending us an email (

We hope this information package comes in handy and we look forward to sharing our experience and participation at COP28 on our social media in the coming weeks!

We particularly suggest these sources:


  • The newest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

  • The report summarizes the most up to date climate science to give a holistic view of where we stand on climate change globally.

  • The newest report from the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP) about greenhouse gas emissions world-wide

  • This annual report gives a good indication of the gap between current projected emissions and the emission reductions we need to see to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees

  • Summary and analysis of the Nationally Determined Contributions that have been submitted under the Paris Agreement

  • This report gives an indication of where we are headed with regards to climate change (particularly in terms of emissions and warming we are likely to see, but also in terms of climate adaptation)

  • A new report on the state of climate action world-wide

  • The report was created through a collaboration between various institutions and organizations (World Resource Institute, Climate Action Tracker, and more)

  • Key findings: This year’s State of Climate Action finds that progress made in closing the global gap in climate action remains woefully inadequate — 41 of 42 indicators assessed are not on track to achieve their 2030 targets. Progress for more than half of these indicators remains well off track, such that recent efforts must accelerate at least twofold this decade. Worse still, another six indicators are heading in the wrong direction entirely.

Here you can find more climate related reports from the UN.

Reports particularly related to Iceland:

  • The official report submitted to the UNFCCC on Iceland’s greenhouse gas emissions between 1990 and 2021

  • Here you can find more info about what National Inventory Reports are and why they are important

  • Iceland’s international pledge under the Paris Agreement

  • Here you can find info on what Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are and see other countries’ contributions


  • The official website of COP28


  • The official website of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

  • On this website, you can find all the documents being discussed at COP28 (as well as documents discussed at previous meetings); the final results of the conference will also be available on this website (these documents are often quite technical and difficult to understand)

  • Here you can see news from the UNFCCC which explain in simpler terms what is being discussed and decided

  • This organization summarizes and analyzes the climate pledges and actions of various countries around the world and present this information in an accessible manner

Websites for Icelandic context:

  • Here you can find a lot of diverse materials about the status of climate action and climate policy in Iceland and the views of the Icelandic Climate Council on these matters.

  • Here you can find various information about climate related matters in Iceland, for example the National Climate Action Plan

  • On this website you can find various information about greenhouse gas emissions in Iceland

  • Here you can find the preliminary calculations from the Icelandic Environment Agency regarding Iceland's emissions in 2022

  • On this website created by Birna Sigrún Hallsdóttir, there is abundant information about climate change and topics related to the ocean (e.g. info on Iceland’s greenhouse gas emissions and climate targets/pledges, as well as a compilation of concepts and words relevant to climate change)

News articles

  • Summary from the UN on what to expect at COP28 and how you can follow what is happening during the conference

  • Article from The Nature Conservancy on what COP28 is, the importance of the conference and what to expect

  • Article from the BBC on COP28 and its importance

  • News article on the UN website quoting Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary general, about what needs to happen at COP28

  • The Guardian has one of the best coverages of environmental and climate related news and we recommend their COP28 overview page where all their articles related to the conference will appear as they are published


  • Weekly podcast about various climate related topics (one question is discussed each week and different points of view considered in an easily understandable manner)

  • It is likely that COP28 will be discussed in this podcast in the coming weeks

  • Weekly podcast where climate change is discussed, usually through a politics lens (this podcast is a bit more technical/complex than The Climate Question)

  • One of the hosts of this podcast is Christiana Figueres who was the Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC in 2015 when the Paris Agreement was signed

  • It is likely that COP28 will be discussed in this podcast in the coming weeks

  • This unfortunately titled podcast has published several episodes about the Road to COP28, featuring interviews with distinguished academics, COP negotiators, and politicians from around the world


  • Archie Young, the lead negotiator of the UK delegation to COP27 briefly explains what negotiators like himself do at such conferences

Social media accounts to follow

Icelandic Youung Environmentalist Association (Instagram / Facebook)

  • During COP28, we will post regularly about our participation at the conference as well as the major developments in the negotiation process



Additional materials

  • Thorough summary by the COP27 organizers in collaboration with young people about the history of climate related work at the UN, how these COP conferences work, and the main topics that will be discussed at COP27 (this resources was not updated from last year but is still useful in many ways nonetheless)

  • Detailed summary from the UNFCCC on the work that has taken place between COP27 and COP28 and what to expect at COP28

  • A joint summary document with updates from the chairs of the two subsidiary bodies of the Paris Agreement in the lead-up to COP28 (where matters stand and what to expect on this topic at COP28)

  • The official outcome of COP27 which was held in Sharm El-Sheikh in November/December 2022

  • In 2015, this agreement was signed in Paris at COP21

  • The agreement states that the countries who signed it should try to limit global warming to 2 degrees, preferably 1.5 degrees

  • Here you can find more information about the contents of the Paris Agreement and how it works

  • In 1992, this became the first convention related to climate change to be agreed upon through the UN

  • The work done on climate change at the UN continues to build upon this framework convention

This information package was compiled by Cody Alexander Skahan, the climate rep. of the Icelandic Young Environmentalist Association, and Finnur Ricart Andrason, the chairperson of the Icelandic Youth Environmentalist Association. For any questions, please send an email to


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